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Dr. Geoffrey Mountvarner Discusses Daniel Goleman

February 16, 2013

Holding a Doctor of Philosophy from Harvard University, Daniel Goleman currently serves as the co-chairman of Rutgers University’s Consortium for Research on Emotional Intelligence in Organizations. Goleman also co-founded The Collaborative for Academic, Social, and Emotional Learning at Yale University, which subsequently relocated to the University of Illinois at Chicago. Primarily known for his bestselling book Emotional Intelligence, Goleman essentially argues that non-cognitive skills are just as important as an individual’s innate academic intelligence. In later works, he examined the role that emotional skills play in professional success and the qualities necessary for effective leadership. The American Psychological Association and the American Association for the Advancement of Sciences both honored Goleman for his landmark contributions and he received two Pulitzer Prize nominations over the course of his career.

Goleman defines Emotional Intelligence through four primary constructs: self-awareness, the ability to judge personal emotions and accurately forecast their impact; social awareness, the ability to understand others’ emotions in the context of various social networks; self-management, the ability to control emotions while adapting to new situations; and relationship management, the ability to control conflicts and influence the emotions of others. Each of these four constructs represents a number of emotional competencies that individuals may develop throughout their lives. Goleman argues that individuals are born with a certain degree of Emotional Intelligence, which dictates the number of emotional competencies they will effectively learn in their life. Goleman’s model has led to the creation of several qualitative tests for measuring emotional competency, including the Emotional Competency Inventory, the Emotional Intelligence Appraisal, and the Emotional and Social Competency Inventory.

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